Morning sickness symptoms: Causes, Treatments And Prevention

 what is morning sickness ?

One of the most common symptom of pregnancy is Morning sickness, it is marked by nausea and occasional vomiting. Despite the name, morning sickness symptoms can cause discomfort at any time of the day.

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Morning sickness symptoms usually happens within the first four months of pregnancy and is often the first sign that a woman is pregnant.

In your pregnancy, there are various ways to alleviate morning sickness, and complications are rare.

When does morning sickness start

If you are one of the many pregnant lady who experience symptoms of morning sickness , Then you may start feeling nauseous somewhere around the four to sixth week of your pregnancy, typically two weeks after your first missed period. symptoms of morning sickness can appear gradually, or it seem to happen overnight.

What does morning sickness feel like

A pregnant lady, with morning sickness often feels tired and nauseous, and they may vomit. Although it rarely serious, it can be incredibly unpleasant too. symptoms of morning sickness is also known as nausea gravidarum, nausea/vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), emesis gravidarum, and pregnancy sickness.

How long does morning sickness last

In many cases, the severe morning sickness typically lasts from weeks 6 through 12, with the peak between 8 and 10 weeks. According to a study, 50 percent of women wrapped up this nasty phase completely by 14 weeks into their pregnancy, or right around the time they enter the second trimester.

Causes of morning sickness symptoms

Doctor says that, there’s no one cause of morning sickness during pregnancy, and it's severity varies among women.
Increasing the hormone levels during the first few weeks of pregnancy is among the most common causes. 
Reducing the blood sugar is another common cause of morning sickness symptoms

Other factors can worsen morning sickness. These include:

Having twins or triplets

Excessive fatigue

Emotional stress

Frequent traveling

The symptoms of severe morning sickness can vary between pregnancies. It is very much possible , While you may have had severe morning sickness symptoms during one pregnancy, in future pregnancies it may be very mild.

Possible complications of morning sickness

 Vomiting and Nausea can easily cause a loss of appetite. Many of the pregnant lady worry that this will harm their babies. But It is true that, mild morning sickness is generally not harmful.

Women should speak with their doctor, who experience severe morning sickness well beyond the first 3 to 4 months of their pregnancies.  You should also seek help if you aren’t gaining any weight during pregnancy.

It is said that, Morning sickness is usually not severe enough to hinder fetal growth and development. But,  for some pregnant women, nausea causes them to experience severe vomiting and weight loss.

Doctors called this condition "hyperemesis gravidarum". This condition causes electrolyte imbalances and unintentional weight loss. This condition may eventually harm your baby, If left untreated

Call your doctor immediately if you experience:

inability to keep food down

weight loss of 2 pounds or more


infrequent urination with small quantities of dark-colored urine

lightheadedness or dizziness

fast heartbeat

severe nausea within the second trimester

blood in your vomit

frequent headaches

abdominal pain

spotting, or bleeding

Severe bouts of morning sickness (severe morning sickness) generally require hospitalization. Hyperemesis gravidarum often requires intravenous (IV) fluids for rehydration.

Treatment for morning sickness

Your gynecologist may prescribe supplements or medications to alleviate nausea and to help you retain foods and fluids, and also morning sickness relief

Your doctor may prescribe Medications include:

Antihistamines: to help with nausea and motion sickness

Phenothiazine: to help calm severe nausea and vomiting

Metoclopramide (Reglan): This medicine helps the stomach move food into the intestines and help with nausea and vomiting too.

Antacids:  this medicine helps to absorb stomach acid and help prevent acid reflux

Do not take these medications on your own for morning sickness relief,
without consulting with your doctor.

Some of the  women find that alternative remedies may also help relieve morning sickness. Make sure you only try these after first discussing them with your doctor.

morning sickness remedies include:

Vitamin B-6 supplements

All of the ginger products, including ginger ale, ginger tea, and ginger drops

Skip certain foods.

You should Try to avoid greasy foods, sweet foods, spicy foods, and gas-producing foods. Many pregnant lady have reported that high protein, carbohydrate-heavy, salty, low-fat, bland, and/or dry foods (i.e. nuts, crackers, toast, and cereal) are less likely to cause nausea. One can also fight with nausea at meals by keeping foods and beverages separate (avoid drinking beverages while you’re eating).

Avoid strong smells.

One of the best things , one pregnant lady can do is avoid environmental triggers, especially like strong smells. You should make distance from cigarette smoke, perfumes, and anything else that seems to affect you. On the other hand,when it comes to cooking, see if someone else can do the food preparation. If you like to do cook, open the windows to minimize cooking odors.

Try aromatherapy.

Smelling mint, lemon, or orange may help you to alleviate nausea. You may try to placing a cotton ball or tissue infused with scented oil under your nose.

Time your prenatal vitamins right.

Iron is found in many prenatal vitamins can exacerbate nausea. You should always try to take your prenatal vitamins before bedtime, instead of in the morning on an empty stomach. Though it doesn’t help then, talk to your doctor.

Get on your feet.

Some of the pregnant women find that exercise helps their symptoms. Try to take an extra walk during the day, going for a swim, or joining a prenatal yoga class. Always keep in mind that, exercise is strongly encouraged during pregnancy, but you should  always consult with your doctor before embarking on a new exercise routine.

saltine crackers



Tests for morning sickness

Based on your symptoms, your doctor may refer to some tests to make sure that you and your baby are safe. These include:

Urine tests

Urine tests can determine whether you’re dehydrated.

Blood chemistry tests

Your doctor may order blood chemistry tests that include:

complete blood count (CBC)

comprehensive metabolic panel

Comprehensive metabolic panel (Chem-20) measure the electrolytes in your blood.

These tests will determine whether you’re:


malnourished, or deficient in certain vitamins



In the Ultrasound, they uses sound waves to produce images of your baby. Your care giver then uses these images and sounds to check that your baby is developing at a healthy rate.

Preventing morning sickness

Taking the under mention steps may help prevent or minimize nausea:

Drink plenty of water.

Drink water before and after meals.

Take naps.

Ventilate your home and workspace to eliminate scents that make you nauseous.

Avoid spicy foods.

Eat small meals.

Avoid fatty foods.

Take vitamins at night.

Avoid cigarette smoke.

If none of these preventative measures works for you, or if you experience morning sickness beyond the first 3 to 4 months of your pregnancy, it’s important that you speak with your doctor immediately.

You should also, be sure to talk to your doctor before starting any medications for morning sickness relief, or alternative remedies to discuss these options.

Help with morning sickness

You should get plenty of rest for morning sickness relief, (tiredness can make nausea worse) avoid foods or smells that make you feel sick, you should eat something like dry toast or a plain biscuit before you get out of bed. Eat small and  frequent meals of plain foods that are high in carbohydrate and low in fat (such as bread, rice, crackers and pasta

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