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Complications During Pregnancy : Pregnancy Problems

Complications During Pregnancy and Delivery


Risk factors

Complications

Your doctor

Prevention

Overview


bleeding during pregnancy, spotting during pregnancy, constipation during pregnancy, cramps during pregnancy, discharge during pregnancy, cramping during pregnancy, pregnancy problems, miscarriage symptoms, miscarriage blood, signs of a miscarriage,

pregnancy problems


Most of the pregnancies occur without any complications or any pregnancy problems.However, there are some women who are pregnant will, and they will experience complications that can involve their health, their baby’s health, or both of them. Some of the times, diseases or conditions the mother had before she became pregnant can lead to complications during their pregnancy. Some complications also occur during delivery.


Even with early detection complications, and prenatal care can reduce any further risk with you and your baby too.


Here Some of the most common complications of pregnancy include:


high blood pressure

gestational diabetes

preeclampsia

preterm labor

a loss of pregnancy, or miscarriage


Who is at risk for complications?


If a pregnant women already have a chronic condition or illness, talk to  your doctor about how to minimize any complications before you get pregnant. On the other hand ,If you’re already pregnant, your doctor may need to monitor your pregnancy.


Some of the  examples of common diseases and conditions that can cause complications during your pregnancy, which include:


diabetes

cancer

high blood pressure

infections

sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV

kidney problems

epilepsy

anemia


Here Some of the other common complications of pregnancy :


bleeding during pregnancy


Any time of your pregnancy, if you notice bleeding during any stage, it is appropriate to call your doctor immediately. It is soo important to seek medical attention if the bleeding is heavy or it is accompanied by pain or cramping.


spotting during pregnancy


Spotting is called, when you see a light or trace amount of pink, red or dark brown blood. Spotting will be lighter than your menstrual period and there won’t be enough blood to cover a panty line. Spotting during pregnancy  is not always a sign that something is wrong. Spotting actually a common concern that many pregnant women experience during their first 12 weeks of pregnancy. The majority of women who are experiencing spotting during their pregnancy, they go on to have a healthy pregnancy and baby.


constipation during pregnancy


constipation during pregnancy is rarely dangerous. But it is true that, though it can make you feel uncomfortable, it won’t hurt your baby. On the other hand, Occasionally, constipation is a symptom of a serious health condition.


If you have constipation during pregnancy,along with any of these other symptoms, you should call your doctor immediately :


Severe belly pain.

Constipation that alternates with diarrhea.

If you notice mucus or large amounts of blood in your stool or from your vagina.


discharge during pregnancy


The general rule with pregnancy discharge is that if it smells bad or if it is any other color other than clear or white, or  it causes pain, burning, and itching, there could be a problem and you should call your doctor immediately.


cramping during pregnancy


Any cramping during pregnancy,that seems out of the ordinary, like, cramps that feel severe and that don’t go away, it should be reported to your doctor fast. It’s also possible that you’re totally fine, but it’s also important to be absolutely sure just to be safe. Some of the times, severe cramping can signify an ectopic pregnancy also, this occurs when the fertilized egg implants in one of the fallopian tubes instead of the uterus.  Cramping on one of the side should also be reported to your doctor as it might mean an ectopic pregnancy. Cramping along with vaginal bleeding should also be immediately reported to your doctor.


Some Other factors that may increase your risk for complications include:


being pregnant at age of 35 or older than that.


being pregnant at your young age


If a women have an eating disorder such as anorexia


If you smoking cigarettes


using illegal drugs


drinking alcohol


If you have a history of pregnancy loss or preterm birth


If you carrying multiples, such as twins or triplets



Now Here What are the most common pregnancy and labor complications?


Some times, the normal symptoms of pregnancy and the symptoms of complications are hard to distinguish. But Although many problems are mild and don’t progress, and you should always contact your doctor if you have any concerns during your pregnancy. Most pregnancy complications are manageable with proper treatment.



Following are the most common complications women experience during pregnancy:


High blood pressure


When your arteries that carry blood from the heart to the organs and also the placenta are narrowed, then High blood pressure occurs . Also the high blood pressure is associated with a higher risk of many other complications too, like preeclampsia. Preeclampsia puts you at a higher risk of having a baby well before your due date and this is called preterm delivery. Preeclampsia also increases your risk of having a baby who Is  small. It's a risks of preeclampsia.So It’s so important to control your blood pressure with medications during pregnancy.


Gestational diabetes


When your body cannot process sugars effectively then Gestational diabetes occurs.
Gestational diabetes leads to higher-than-normal levels of sugar in your bloodstream. Some of the pregnant women will need to modify their meal plans to help control blood sugar levels. Others of them may need to take insulin to keep their blood sugar levels in control during pregnancy. If it is not done then gestational diabetes complications are on.But it is also true that, Gestational diabetes usually resolves after pregnancy.


Preeclampsia


Preeclampsia, which is also called toxemia. It occurs after the first 20 weeks of a pregnancy and causes high blood pressure and possible problems with your kidneys. It is a high risks of preeclampsia.The most common recommended treatment for preeclampsia is delivery of the baby and placenta to prevent the disease from progressing. Your doctor will discuss the risks and benefits regarding timing of delivery. Your doctor may induce labor if you’re 37 to 40 weeks pregnant.


If 37 weeks is too early to deliver your baby, your doctor will need to monitor you and your baby closely. Your doctor may prescribe medications to help lower your blood pressure and help the baby mature if you are not full term. You may be hospitalized for monitoring and care.


Preterm labor


Preterm labor occurs when a pregnant women go into labor before week 37 of their pregnancy. It is a common birth complications.

This is before your baby’s organs, such as the lungs and the brain, have finished developing. Certain medications can stop labor. Many doctors usually recommend bed rest to keep the baby from being born too early.


miscarriage symptoms


A miscarriage symptoms is the loss of pregnancy during the first 20 weeks. According to a study of the American Pregnancy Association (APA), up to 20 percent of pregnancies among healthy women will end in a miscarriage. Sometimes,miscarriage symptoms happens before a woman is even aware of the pregnancy. In most cases, miscarriage symptoms isn’t preventable.


The loss of pregnancy after week 20 of pregnancy is called a stillbirth. Many times the cause for this isn’t known. Issues that have been found to cause stillbirths include:


problems with the placenta


chronic health issues in the mother


infections


Anemia


Anemia means that you have a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells in your body. If someone have anemia, they may feel more tired and weak than usual, and they may have pale skin too. Anemia has many causes and your doctor will need to treat the underlying cause of the anemia. Taking iron supplements and folic acid during your pregnancy may help you. Since most cases of anemia occur due to a deficiency.


Infections


A variety of bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections may complicate your pregnancy. Infections can be harmful to both of the mother and the baby too, so it’s important to seek treatment right away. Some examples include:


a urinary tract infection


bacterial vaginosis


cytomegalovirus


group B Streptococcus


Hepatitis B virus, And it's  can spread to your baby during birth also...


influenza,


toxoplasmosis, it is an infection caused by a parasite found in soil,cat feces and raw meat also....


a yeast infection


Zika virus


A pregnant lady can prevent some infections by washing their hands often. They also can prevent others, such as hepatitis B virus and influenza, by vaccination.



Labor complications


Complications can also occur during labor and delivery. If there’s a problem during labor, sometimes  your doctor may need to change the way they proceed with the delivery.


Breech position


When your baby's feet are positioned to be delivered before their head, Then Your  baby is considered in a breech position According to the study, this occurs in about 4 percent of full-term births.


Most of the babies born in this position are healthy. You doctor will recommend against a vaginal birth if your baby shows signs of distress or is too big to pass safely through the birth canal. A few weeks before your delivery, If your doctor finds out that your baby is in the breech position , they might try to change the position of the baby. But  If the baby is still in the breech position when labor starts, most of the doctors recommend a cesarean delivery.



Placenta previea


When placenta is covering the cervix, then it is called Placenta previea.Then  Your Doctors will usually perform a cesarean delivery.


Low birth weight


Low birth weight usually occurs due to poor nutrition of the pragnant lady or the use of cigarettes, alcohol, or drugs during pregnancy. All the Babies who are born at a low birth weight have a higher risk of:


respiratory infections


learning disabilities


heart infections


blindness


You newborn baby may need to stay in the hospital for a few months after birth.


When to call your doctor


If you’re pregnant, and you saw any signs of  those problems, then don’t hesitate to call your doctor . You must Call your doctor right away if you experience any of the following:


bleeding from the vagina


sudden swelling of the hands or face

a pain in the abdomen


a fever


severe headaches


dizziness


persistent vomiting


blurred vision


You must also call your care giver if you think that,your baby is suddenly moving less often than usual during the third trimester.


How can you prevent complications?


It is true that, Not all complications are preventable. But The following steps may help to promote a healthy pregnancy and prevent you from having a high-risk of pregnancy:


If you’re thinking of becoming pregnant, consult with your doctor immediately..  For example, if you already have a pre-existing medical condition, your doctor may recommend adjusting your treatment to prepare for your pregnancy.


Eat a healthy diet with lots of fruits, vegetables, lean protein, and fiber.

Take prenatal vitamins daily.


In general, total of 25 to 35 pounds of weight gain for women who were at a healthy weight before pregnancy.

You should a also attend all routine prenatal visits, including those with a specialist if one is recommended.


You should Quit smoking if you smoke.


Also you should Avoid alcohol and illegal drugs.


You should Ask your doctor if the medications you’re already taking are okay to continue taking or if you should stop taking them.


You should Reduce your stress levels.There are two ways to reduce your stress levels, they are listening to music and doing yoga.

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